TEXTILE MATERIALS Natural: whether obtained from wool, silk, linen, cotton Synthetic: obtained by chemical or industrial processes from other products Used in the form of yarns for making fabrics
METALLIC MATERIALS They are extracted from the minerals of the rocks. Ferrous materials. They contain iron, such as steel and foundries. Non-ferrous materials. They do not contain iron, such as copper, bronze, zinc brass, aluminum
CERAMIC MATERIALS They are obtained by molding clay and then subjecting it to a cooking process in an oven Example: a brick, a tile, a bottle, a dish, a sink, etc.
PLASTIC MATERIALS Obtained from petroleum, coal, vegetable matter, and natural proteins Used to make pipes, packaging, toys, containers, etc.
THE WOODS They are obtained from the woody part of the trees They are classified in hard and soft, according to the type of tree It is used for: fuel, manufacture paper, furniture, construction, etc
MATERIALS PÉTREOS They are extracted from the rocks in different forms, from large blocks to grit. Among them, marble, slate, plaster, cement, concrete They are used in construction and decoration.
Materials technology is a relatively comprehensive discipline that begins with the production of goods from raw materials to processing of materials into the shapes and forms needed for specific applications