Congress of Vienna, 1814-1815 - Free Printable History Outline for Grades 7-12
Page written in Grotius' hand from the manuscript of De Indis (circa 1604/05) In The Free Sea (Mare Liberum, published 1609) Grotius formulated the new principle that the sea was international territory and all nations were free to use it for seafaring trade. Grotius, by claiming 'free seas' (Freedom of the seas), provided suitable ideological justification for the Dutch breaking up of various trade monopolies through its formidable naval power (and then establishing its own monopoly).
German Monarch Family Tree: 843-1918
De godsdienstvrede van Augsburg was een vredesovereenkomst die in 1555 na veertig jaar van religieuze twisten in het Heilige Roomse Rijk, met als hoogtepunt de Schmalkaldische Oorlog (1546-1552), getekend werd op de Rijksdag van 25 september 1555 een compromis bereikt tussen Ferdinand I, die zijn broer keizer Karel V verving, en de katholieke Rijksgroten aan de ene kant, en het Schmalkaldisch Verbond aan de andere kant, dat de protestantse rijkvorsten groepeerde.
The Treaty of Berwick was negotiated on 27 February 1560 at Berwick-upon-Tweed. It was an agreement made by the representative of Queen Elizabeth I of England, the Duke of Norfolk, and the group of rebellious nobles known as the Scottish Lords of the Congregation. The purpose was to agree the terms under which an English fleet and army would come to Scotland to expel the French troops who were defending the Regency of Mary of Guise.
Hanseong Sunbo 1883.jpg
Aviso Relation oder Zeitung – Wikipedia
Frontspiece-Important Decisions: France was deprived of all territory conquered by Napoleon The Dutch Republic was united with the Austrian Netherlands to form a single kingdom of the Netherlands under the House of Orange. Norway and Sweden were joined under a single ruler Switzerland was declared neutral Russia got Finland and effective control over the new kingdom of Poland Prussia was given much of Saxony and important parts of Westphalia and the Rhine Province.