Pauline Musters (February 26, 1876 - February 16, 1895), AKA "Lady Dot, The Midget Mite" or "Princess Paulina," was a midget. She was 17 inches tall and weighed 8 1/2 pounds. SHe was the smallest recorded woman ever. She died of pneumonia when she was only 19 years old. A Dutch documentary on Pauline was made in 2002.
Maria Feliciana dos Santos grew normally until the age of 10, when her growth skyrocketed. She was a basketball player, singer and circus attraction. Her first public performances were in 1962 at the age of 16. At 18 she received the title of Queen of Height in a contest in Chacrinha. Although her height was often claimed to be 7 feet 4.4 inches (224.8 cm), her real height was probably no more than 7 feet 0 inches.
Each bead of the rosary represents the bust of a well-fed burgher or maiden on one side, and a skeleton on the other. The terminals, even more graphically, show the head of a deceased man, with half the image eaten away from decay. Such images served as reminders that life is fleeting and that leading a virtuous life as a faithful Christian is key to salvation.