ALMA THOMAS Alma Woodsey Thomas (September 22, 1891 – February 24, 1978) was an African American Expressionist painter and art educator. She lived and worked primarily in Washington, D.C. and the Washington Post described her as a force in the Washington Color School.
Elizabeth Catlett's art confronted injustices against African Americans. She was the granddaughter of freed slaves. In 1959, the U.S. government declared her an "undesirable alien."Elizabeth Catlett, a sculptor and printmaker who is widely considered one of the most important African-American artists of the 20th Century, despite having lived most of her life in Mexico, has died. She was 96.
Grace Hartigan (1922-2008) was a second-generation Abstract Expressionist whose gestural, intensely colored paintings often incorporated images drawn from popular culture, leading some critics to see in them prefigurings of Pop Art. She subscribed to the Abstract Expressionist notion of the painterly brushstroke as existential act and cri de coeur but, like de Kooning, she never broke entirely with the figurative tradition.
Horace Pippin (Feb 22, 1888–July 6, 1946) was a self-taught African-American painter. The injustice of slavery and American segregation figure prominently in many of his works. Pippin served in the 369th infantry in Europe during World War I, where he lost the use of his right arm after being shot by a sniper. He kept illustrated journals, now in the Smithsonian, of his combat experience. He took up painting to strengthen his wounded arm. He completed about 140 works.
Henry O. Tanner, artist. He was the 1st African-American painter to gain international acclaim. His paintings include The Banjo Lesson, his most famous work, as well as Daniel in the Lions' Den, and Moroccan Scene. His Sand Dunes at Sunset, Atlantic City, is the 1st painting by an African-American artist in the permanent collection of the White House. Due to US racism, he moved to France & stayed for the rest of his life. He has been called "the greatest African-American painter to date."