Vasco da Gama, 1st Count of Vidigueira (Sines or Vidigueira, Alentejo, Portugal, around 1460 or 1469 – 24 December 1524 in Kochi, India) was a Portuguese explorer, one of the most successful in the European Age of Discovery and the commander of the first ships to sail directly from Europe to India. For a short time in 1524 he was Governor of Portuguese India under the title of Viceroy. Alentejo, Portugal
Fernão Mendes Pinto was a Portuguese navigator, merchant and pirate who led a troubled life: his family was poor and he had to work ever since he was 10, serving nobles. By the age of 14 he was captured by french pirates to be sold into slavery, after having ran away from the house he was working on, fearing for his life, and embarking on the first ship he found. He was released naked, and found a new job, but 4 years later he set sail to India, searching for fame and fortune.