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Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi (936–1013), also known in the West as Albucasis, was an Arab Muslim physician who lived in Al-Andalus. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described by many as the father of modern surgery.

Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali al-Mas'udi (born c. 896, Baghdad, died September 956, Cairo, Egypt), was an Arab historian and geographer. Al-Masudi was one of the first to combine history and scientific geography in a large-scale work.

Abu al-Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas Al-Zahrawi (936–1013), also known in the West as Albucasis, was an Arab Muslim physician who lived in Al-Andalus. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described by many as the father of modern surgery.

Abu Abdallah M. Ibn Musa al-Jwrizmi (780-835). Gran matemático que trabajó en la corte del califa Al-Mamun en Bagdad, en la recién creada "Casa de la sabiduría". Escribió importantes tratados de álgebra, aritmética, geografía o astronomía. A su nombre se debe la palabra "algoritmo".

Abu al-Qasim Khalaf bin Abbas Al-Zahrawi (1013 - 936 m), described by many as the Father of Modern Surgery. He wrote a thirty volume medical encyclopedia that was used as the standard reference book in all universities of Europe for over 500 years. Many modern surgical instruments are also built on the designs developed by him.

Ibn al-Haytham: The Muslim Scientist Who Birthed the Scientific Method | RealClearScience

Abu al-Qasim aka Albucasis, was an Arab Muslim physician who lived in Al-Andalus, Cordoba. He is considered the greatest medieval surgeon to have appeared from the Islamic World, and has been described by many as the father of modern surgery.[ His greatest contribution to medicine is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices and cauterization. First physician to describe an ectopic pregnancy, and the first physician to identify the hereditary nature of…

Ibn Rushd (European: Averroes), was a Muslim polymath; a master of Aristotelian philosophy, Islamic philosophy, logic, Arabic music theory, and the sciences of medicine, mathematics, physics and celestial mechanics. Reflecting the respect which medieval European scholars paid to him, Averroes is named by Dante in The Divine Comedy with the great pagan philosophers whose spirits dwell in "the place that favor owes to fame" in Limbo.