Prior to menarche the uterine body is about half the length of the cervix. In nulliparas the body and cervix have the same dimensions, while in multiparas the body is approximately double the length of the cervix.
The name cervix derives from the Latin word “Cervic” meaning "neck". It represents the lower portion of the uterus and communicates the uterine cavity with the vagina. It has a cylindrical shape with a length of about 3 cm and a diameter of about 2 cm.