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Castles of Spain - 2

Castles in Spain were built mainly for defensive purposes. During the Middle Ages, northern Christian kingdoms had to secure their borders with their Muslim southern neighbours, thus forcing both Christian and Muslim kings to grant border fiefs to their liege noblemen so as to keep and maintain defensive fortresses.
785 Pines243 Seguidores

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de Villena, Alicante. In the former frontier between Castile and Kingdom of Aragon. The castle was built in an unknown age, although not after the 12th century, since Arab sources mention it in 1172. The castle was an important stronghold on the northern frontier of the Islamic emirate of Iberia, and resisted to three different sieges laid by James I of Aragon. He was finally able to conquer it in 1240.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of Coca located in the city of Coca (birthplace of Roman Emperor Theodosius), province of Segovia, It is an excellent example of the Gothic and Mudéjar styles. It is considered to be the highest example of brick military architecture. Castle of Coca was built in the 15th century with the help of the powerful Archbishop of Seville Alonso de Fonseca, who in 1453 received permission to King Henry IV of Castile on the construction of the castle.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - La Guardia de Jaén was founded 1500 years BC as the Iberian fortified settlement . After the Roman conquest, the town became the oppidum of Mentesa Bastetanorum. After the Moorish conquest, the town, renamed Mantissa, 7th century. The fortress, located on a strongly defended height, was deemed impregnable. Seized in 1244 by King Ferdinand III the Saint, the fortress was several times reconquered by the Moors, until the fall of Granada in 1492.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Morella, además del castillo, conserva un conjunto de fortificaciones y amurallamientos en anillo de varios kilómetros de longitud que rodean el peñón sobre el que se asienta el castillo. El castillo se encuentra muy dañado como consecuencia del fuego artillero de las tropas liberales contra las fuerzas carlistas del general Cabrera, acantonadas en el castillo.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Alcázar de Segovia (Castilla y León). En la confluencia de los ríos Eresma y Clamores se alza el Alcázar de Segovia. Fue levantado sobre restos romanos y árabes tras la reconquista de la ciudad por Alfonso VI de León. Su figura se adaptan al cerro que lo sustenta, con una magnífica torre del homenaje, lugar donde se encontraba el rey Alfonso X cuando esta parte del castillo se derrumbó, sin que el rey saliera herido.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Daroca Walls, Zaragoza, Aragón. Daroca has a medieval centre set behind more than 3km of medieval walls. The primitive Celtiberian village in this location was named Darek. The Romans named it Agiria, building a strong castle to defend the Laminium road, The Arabs gave it the name Calat-Darawca (862), and possessed it for 400 years, until Alfonso the Battler conquered it in 1120.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of los Mendoza, is a palace-fortress erected in the 15th century in the town of Manzanares el Real (Community of Madrid, Spain), next to the Santillana reservoir at the foot of Sierra de Guadarrama. Its construction began in 1475 on a Romanesque-Mudéjar hermitage. It was raised on the river Manzanares, as a residential palace of the House of Mendoza.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - El castillo de Vélez-Blanco está situado en la provincia de Almería. Fue mandado construir por el Adelantado de Murcia Pedro Fajardo y Chacón, tras su nombramiento como Marqués de los Vélez concedido por los Reyes Católicos. Cuando Pedro Fajardo se instala en Vélez-Blanco, fija aquí la sede de su nuevo señorío y emprende la construcción de su castillo-palacio sobre los restos de una antigua e importante alcazaba islámica.

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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of La Iruela, (Jaen) Spain. (Templar Castle) - The castle of La Iruela is one of the most interesting fortresses of Arab origin in the Kingdom of Jaen, A number of battles were fought here during the Reconquest until Don Rodrigo Jimenez de Rada, archbishop of Toledo, reconquered it in 1231 and made it the seat of his archbishopric. Castillo templario de la Iruela

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José Jesús González Guirado

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de Montánchez, Cáceres. De orígen romano, la construcción actual es almohade (siglo XII). Trás su conquista, estuvo administrado por la Orden de Santiago. En 1620 fue prisión de Rodrigo Calderón, conde de la Oliva, marqués de Siete Iglesias. Contra él pesaban los cargos de asesinato y brujería. Fue ejecutado en la plaza Mayor de Madrid, su dignidad ante la muerte le hizo merecedor del refranero español.. "Tener más orgullo que Don Rodrigo en la horca".

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Guardado por

José Jesús González Guirado