Castles of Spain - 2

Castles in Spain were built mainly for defensive purposes. During the Middle Ages, northern Christian kingdoms had to secure their borders with their Muslim southern neighbours, thus forcing both Christian and Muslim kings to grant border fiefs to their liege noblemen so as to keep and maintain defensive fortresses.
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CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de Peralada(Gerona). En 1285, durante la invasión francesa del Ampurdán, el castillo fue destruido y la población incendiada. A mediados del siglo XIV fue reconstruido. En 1472, durante la "Guerra de los Remences" (sublevación campesina contra los señores feudales aragoneses), Juan II de Aragón, volvió a invadir y ocupar el castillo. En 1599, en este castillo, el vizconde Francesc Jofre de Rocabertí fue investido conde de Peralada por Felipe III de España.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de Peralada(Gerona). En 1285, durante la invasión francesa del Ampurdán, el castillo fue destruido y la población incendiada. A mediados del siglo XIV fue reconstruido. En 1472, durante la "Guerra de los Remences" (sublevación campesina contra los señores feudales aragoneses), Juan II de Aragón, volvió a invadir y ocupar el castillo. En 1599, en este castillo, el vizconde Francesc Jofre de Rocabertí fue investido conde de Peralada por Felipe III de España.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Palacio Real de Olite, construido durantes los siglos XIII y XIV. Fue una de las sedes de la Corte del Reino de Navarra a partir del reinado de Carlos III "el Noble". El conjunto formado por estancias, jardines y fosos, rodeados por las altas murallas y rematados por las numerosas torres, le confieren una espectacular y mágica silueta. En su época, llegó a ser considerado uno de los palacios más bellos de Europa.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Palacio Real de Olite, construido durantes los siglos XIII y XIV. Fue una de las sedes de la Corte del Reino de Navarra a partir del reinado de Carlos III "el Noble". El conjunto formado por estancias, jardines y fosos, rodeados por las altas murallas y rematados por las numerosas torres, le confieren una espectacular y mágica silueta. En su época, llegó a ser considerado uno de los palacios más bellos de Europa.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Butrón castle located in Gatika, in the province of Biscay, in northern Spain. It dates originally from the Middle Ages, although it owes its present appearance to an almost complete rebuilding begun by Don Francisco de Cubas (also known as Marquis of Cubas) in 1878.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Butrón castle located in Gatika, in the province of Biscay, in northern Spain. It dates originally from the Middle Ages, although it owes its present appearance to an almost complete rebuilding begun by Don Francisco de Cubas (also known as Marquis of Cubas) in 1878.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of Chinchilla, Montearagón, Albacete, S. XV.Located on a hill that dominates the plains of La Mancha, the town of Chinchilla de Monte Aragón has a remarkable castle In the 15th century, Juan Pacheco, Marquis of Villena, restored a castle of Arab origin “Xerif El-Edrisi”. In the walls of this construction, the coat of arms of the Marquis of Villena can still be seen.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of Chinchilla, Montearagón, Albacete, S. XV.Located on a hill that dominates the plains of La Mancha, the town of Chinchilla de Monte Aragón has a remarkable castle In the 15th century, Juan Pacheco, Marquis of Villena, restored a castle of Arab origin “Xerif El-Edrisi”. In the walls of this construction, the coat of arms of the Marquis of Villena can still be seen.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de la Muela, Consuegra, Toledo.It is possible that the first reconstruction of the castle was carried out by Almanzor in the tenth century, when the Muslim rule from nearby regions. In 1097, Al-Mu'tamid gave the castle to Alfonso VI, thanks to a marriage covenant, since the king would marry the princess Zaida Seville, bringing Consuegra Castle. In August of the same year, 1097, Alfonso VI lost the castle in the Battle of Consuegra, Toledo, Spain

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castillo de la Muela, Consuegra, Toledo.It is possible that the first reconstruction of the castle was carried out by Almanzor in the tenth century, when the Muslim rule from nearby regions. In 1097, Al-Mu'tamid gave the castle to Alfonso VI, thanks to a marriage covenant, since the king would marry the princess Zaida Seville, bringing Consuegra Castle. In August of the same year, 1097, Alfonso VI lost the castle in the Battle of Consuegra, Toledo, Spain

CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Alhambra, Granada. Zawi ben Ziri was the founder of the Ziri dynasty, which made Granada become an independent kingdom in 1013. This dynasty reigned until 1238, when Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Ibn Nasr founded a new dynasty, the Nasrid dynasty. This dynasty conquered Granada once again, built the Alhambra and reigned until January 2nd 1492, when the Catholic Monarchs conquered the last Muslim city in Spain, and Boabdil, the last Nasrid king, surrendered.

Monumentos patrimonio mundial en España (I)

CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Alhambra, Granada. Zawi ben Ziri was the founder of the Ziri dynasty, which made Granada become an independent kingdom in 1013. This dynasty reigned until 1238, when Muhammad Ibn Yusuf Ibn Nasr founded a new dynasty, the Nasrid dynasty. This dynasty conquered Granada once again, built the Alhambra and reigned until January 2nd 1492, when the Catholic Monarchs conquered the last Muslim city in Spain, and Boabdil, the last Nasrid king, surrendered.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - El castillo de Guijosa o castillo de don Íñigo López de Orozco fortificación, emplazada en la localidad de Guijosa, municipio de Sigüenza (provincia de Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha). Está compuesto de una gran torre central con ventanas, balcones y matacanes; rodeada de un recinto cuadrado rematado de almenas. Un detalle heráldico junto a la puerta indica que fue construido por Íñigo López de Orozco hacia mediados del siglo xv.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - El castillo de Guijosa o castillo de don Íñigo López de Orozco fortificación, emplazada en la localidad de Guijosa, municipio de Sigüenza (provincia de Guadalajara, Castilla-La Mancha). Está compuesto de una gran torre central con ventanas, balcones y matacanes; rodeada de un recinto cuadrado rematado de almenas. Un detalle heráldico junto a la puerta indica que fue construido por Íñigo López de Orozco hacia mediados del siglo xv.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of Segura de la Sierra, Jaén, placed on top of the town and surrounded by the ancient walls. The village was conquered in 781 AD by Abul-Asvar who was responsible for building the several walls that surround the town. People were under the rule of the "walíes" serving the Córdoba kings. After fighting between the Almohads, the Christians took the control and the king Alfonso VIII donated the village to the military Order of Santiago.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - Castle of Segura de la Sierra, Jaén, placed on top of the town and surrounded by the ancient walls. The village was conquered in 781 AD by Abul-Asvar who was responsible for building the several walls that surround the town. People were under the rule of the "walíes" serving the Córdoba kings. After fighting between the Almohads, the Christians took the control and the king Alfonso VIII donated the village to the military Order of Santiago.

CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Castle of Jadraque is a castle in the municipality of Jadraque, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. Archaeological investigations proved that the site was used since prehistoric times; later it was a fortification of the emirate of Spain and its Moorish descendants. In 1085 it was conquered by the Christians under Alfonso VI of Castile. In 1469 it was bought by cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza.

30 castillos de leyenda

CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Castle of Jadraque is a castle in the municipality of Jadraque, Castile-La Mancha, Spain. Archaeological investigations proved that the site was used since prehistoric times; later it was a fortification of the emirate of Spain and its Moorish descendants. In 1085 it was conquered by the Christians under Alfonso VI of Castile. In 1469 it was bought by cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza.

Juan CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Castle of Valencia de Don Juan (also known as Coyanza Castle), Leon, Spain. The castle was built in the 15th century, it was constructed on the site of another castle destroyed in 996 by Almanzor (Almanzor was the de facto ruler of Muslim Iberia (al-Andalus) in the late 10th to early 11th centuries. His rule marked the peak of power for al-Andalus) , that had been erected on the ruins of a fortification dating back to the Iron Age.

Juan CASTLES OF SPAIN - The Castle of Valencia de Don Juan (also known as Coyanza Castle), Leon, Spain. The castle was built in the 15th century, it was constructed on the site of another castle destroyed in 996 by Almanzor (Almanzor was the de facto ruler of Muslim Iberia (al-Andalus) in the late 10th to early 11th centuries. His rule marked the peak of power for al-Andalus) , that had been erected on the ruins of a fortification dating back to the Iron Age.

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