Amy Johnson was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia, which she achieved at the age of 26. Her flying career began in 1928 and other triumphs included becoming the first female ground engineer licensed by the Air Ministry. During World War II Johnson flew the new planes from factory to air bases.
Photo Gallery: Stylish Pilots of the Early 20th Century
Amy Johnson (1903-1942) pioneering English aviator. The first aviatrix, to fly solo 11,000 miles (18,000 km) from England to Australia (in a Gipsy Moth), with a co-pilot she flew London to Moscow in one day, and then across Siberia and on to Tokyo, setting a record time for flying from Britain to Japan
Amy Johnson, English aviator 1903-1941 One of the first women to gain a pilot's licence, Johnson won fame when she flew solo from Britain to Australia in 1930. Her dangerous flight took 17 days. Later she flew solo to India and Japan and became the first woman to fly across the Atlantic East to West, she volunteered to fly for The Women's Auxiialry Air Force in WW2, but her plane was shot down over the River Thames and she was killed
LtCmdr Walter Edmund Fletcher jumped from HMS Haslemere into the Thames Estuary in an attempt to save Amy Johnson, but was overcome by the cold. He was pulled from the water unconscious and died soon afterwards. Johnson slipped away and was never found. The King awarded Fletcher the Albert Medal.